SVT-400 High-efficiency Cryostat


Click button below to enlarge view of SVT-400 high efficiency SuperVariTemp reservoir cryostat, sample in flowing vapor, Janis Research

Designed for maximum efficiency at any temperature range, the SVT-400 will hold liquid helium for more than 40 hours during sample zone use (or more than 100 hours if the sample zone is static). The sample tube is surrounded by a nitrogen-temperature radiation shield; therefore operation at elevated temperatures does not place any additional heat load on the helium reservoir.


Standard Configuration

The Janis Model SVT-400 variable temperature cryostat is designed to run efficiently with either liquid helium or liquid nitrogen. The system's ultra-low cryogen consumption, remarkable temperature homogeneity and stability make it ideal for long or short term experiments. The top loading sample positioner features quick sample exchange and is offered with a variety of sample holders.

Click on button below to enlarge view of mechanical drawing of SVT-400 high-efficiency SuperVariTemp reservoir cryostat from Janis Research.Enlarge

SVT-400 High-efficiency Reservoir Cryostat Mechanical Drawing

Click on button below to enlarge view of mechanical drawing of top view and window of SVT-400 high efficiency SuperVariTemp reservoir cryostat from Janis ResearchEnlarge

SVT-400 Top View and Window Drawing

The standard cryostat is supplied with strain-relief mounted, replaceable quartz windows. Various choices of window materials are available to cover most regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, including Gamma rays, UV, visible and IR radiation. Typical applications include transmission, reflection and Raman spectroscopy, neutron diffraction, Mössbauer spectroscopy, other magneto-optical and electro-optical experiments.

Tubular tailed systems are offered for electrical and magnetic measurements, compact VSM, Hall effect and NMR experiments. Both high temperature and low temperature experiments are economically performed using the most desirable cryogen.

Complete "turn key" systems are supplied with various choices of thermometry, for use both in and out of magnetic fields and at high temperature ranges.

Standard Features:

  • Indium sealed, strain relief cold windows
  • Radiation shield cold windows
  • 50/25-ohm heaters on vaporizer heat exchanger/sample mount
  • Helium valve
  • Instrumentation feedthrough on cryostat body
  • 8-pin & 10-pin electrical feedthroughs on sample positioner
  • Optical or blank sample holders
  • Standard silicon diode control thermometers
  • Isothermal zone sample tube (provides uniform sample temperature and enhanced operation with LN2


  • LHe and LN2 level indicator 
  • Multipin and coaxial electrical connectors
  • Additional temperature sensors and controllers
  • Alternative window materials
  • 10-pin electrical feedthrough on cryostat body
  • Universal joints for sample positioners
  • Custom sample holders
  • Bottom looking optical access

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LHe reservoir capacity 6 Liters
LN2 reservoir capacity 5 liters
LHe hold times:
Static sample zone 90 hours
Sample zone use (<10 K) 36 hours
LN2 hold time 36 hours
Temperature range:
LHe 1.5 - 300 K
LN2* 65 - 300 K
Temperature stability ± 0.1 K
Outer tail dimensions:
Optical (including retainers) 4.38"
Non-optical 3.00"
Optical 66 lbs.
Non-optical 55 lbs.
Optical windows 4 radial
Solid angle 38°
f number 1.4
* Optional high temperature to 600 K is available on non-optical systems.

Other Configurations

Click image to enlarge view of SVT-400 reservoir cryostat for Mossbauer spectroscopy from Janis Research

Model SVT-400 for Mössbauer Spectroscopy *
*Other window configurations available.

Click on image to enlarge view of mechanical drawing of Model SVT-400 cryostat with sample in vacuum, Janis ResearchClick on image to enlarge view of Top and A-A View of mechanical drawing for SVT-400 sample in vacuum cryostat from Janis Research, cryogenic research equipment

Model SVT-400 with Sample in Vacuum
The Model SVT-400 with sample in vacuum replaces the Model VT-100 cryostat. Instead of having a sample positioner with a sample holder cooled by flowing vapor, as the standard Model SVT-400 cryostat does, this special Model SVT-400 cryostat has an optical sample holder mounted to the bottom of the sample tube. This allows the gas in the sample tube to cool the sample holder while the sample is held in a vacuum.

Click image to enlarge view of Model SVT-400T-XG helium cooled variable temperature cryostat for neutron scattering, Janis Research, cryogenic research equipment

Model SVT-400T-XG for Neutron Studies
This is a helium cooled variable temperature cryostat for neutron scattering.


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